Lift trucks are essential pieces of equipment utilized widely in business, especially in distribution centers, warehouses, industrial and storage handling plants. A forklift truck is made of hundreds of parts, such as the carriage, the cab, the power source, the wheels and the engine. Lift trucks usually have various kinds of attachments also. The following are several of the most important lift truck parts.
Forklift Engine - At the rear of the machine, the forklift has its power source. The different kinds of engine on the lift truck will require varying power sources. For example, a forklift with an internal combustion engine can have any of the following as its power source: LP gas, CNG gas, diesel or gasoline. Electric motor lift trucks receive their power from fuel cells or a battery.
Truck Frame - the base of the lift truck and the most vital of all the forklift components is the truck frame. This forms the equipment's core. All other forklift parts are connected to the base, like for example the axles, mast, wheels counterweight and overhead guard. Hydraulic fluid and fuel tanks can be part of the frame assembly too.
Counterweight Forklift Components - While lifting heavy loads, the counterweight enables the equipment to be balanced. This particular component is cast iron and comes attached to the rear of the forklift. The counterbalance balances the frame of the truck in order to prevent it from tipping over when a load is being lifted or carried on the front. In an electric lift truck, the heavy lead-acid battery offers balance and could function as part of the counterweight.
The Cab Area - The cab is also known as the operator compartment. Lift trucks would sometimes have closed cabs while others will be open to the air. There are many components located in the cab for operating the forks. The cab contains such essential components like for example the switches, levers, operator controls, steering wheel, pedals and seats. The dashboard contains operator readouts.