Utilizing both electric and internal combustion (IC) trucks have different advantages and disadvantages.
Electric engines cost less to maintain during their life span as they require less maintenance. The battery must last five years minimum if the guidelines of the manufacturer for charging and maintenance are followed. Expenses for overnight charging are normally low. Electric trucks tend to be very maneuverable and compact units, specially the types with three wheels. Drive, tilt, lift, auxiliary and acceleration speeds are adaptable and can be changed depending on the application and the preferences of the driver. Electric trucks are not noisy, and are easier on the environment.
Electric trucks are not best to use during wet conditions. Because of the need for battery recharging, they cannot be used continuously. They are not suitable on rough terrain. The energy consumption is high on ramp work and continuous high lifts.
IC engine diesel/LPG has the advantage of being best for continuous outdoor use and uneven surfaces. With no requirement for battery charging, the forklift could be utilized during the evening and overnight. Transport and supply of fuel must be factored into expenses. Initial costs are less than for an electric truck, but long term costs connected to fuel and maintenance are higher. IC engines have larger capacities compared to electric, but less adaptability. LPG could be utilized in several indoor applications. IC Engine diesel/LPG produces more noise and higher emissions compared to electric. LPG has lower emissions than diesel.